Allanite is a complex calcium aluminum iron silicate mineral belonging to the epidote group within the sorosilicate class. It exhibits a dark brown to black color with a resinous to submetallic luster. The mineral typically forms elongated prismatic or tabular crystals, sometimes appearing as massive or granular aggregates. Allanite is often associated with a variety of igneous and metamorphic rocks, including granites, syenites, and schists.


Allanite is not commonly used for industrial purposes due to its radioactivity, as it contains significant amounts of uranium and thorium. However, the mineral is of interest to geologists and mineralogists studying the petrogenesis of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Allanite’s presence in rocks can provide valuable information about their formation conditions and the geochemical evolution of the Earth’s crust.


Although allanite has an appealing dark color and crystal habit, its radioactivity and brittleness make it unsuitable for use as a gemstone. Collectors and enthusiasts may still appreciate the mineral for its unique properties and intriguing crystal structure, but it is not recommended for use in jewelry or other applications that involve close or prolonged contact with the human body.


Allanite forms through a variety of geological processes, including the crystallization of magma and the metamorphism of rocks under high-temperature conditions. The mineral’s formation is typically associated with the presence of calcium, aluminum, and iron, which combine with silicate and hydroxyl ions in the Earth’s crust to create the complex crystal structure characteristic of allanite.


Allanite is found in a wide range of geological environments, including igneous rocks such as granites and syenites, as well as metamorphic rocks like gneisses and schists. It has been reported in numerous locations worldwide, including the United States, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Italy, and Russia. The mineral’s occurrence is often a result of the complex geochemical processes taking place within the Earth’s crust during the formation of these rocks.


There are no widely recognized metaphysical properties associated with allanite due to its radioactivity. However, the mineral’s unique composition and the complex geological processes that lead to its formation might symbolize transformation, adaptation, and the power of nature to create beauty and complexity under extreme conditions.

ClassSorosilicates (Epidote group) 
Formula(Ca, Ce, Y, La)₂(Al, Fe)₃(SiO₄)₃(OH)
LusterResinous to submetallic
Hardness (Mohs)5.5 – 6
StreakGray to grayish brown
ColorDark brown to black
CleavageGood in one direction, poor in another
Specific Gravity3.5 – 4.2