Asphaltite is a dense, solid form of hydrocarbon, which falls under the category of sedimentary rocks. It is a sub-class of bitumen, a naturally occurring, viscous petroleum product. Asphaltite is characterized by its black or dark brown color, brittle nature, and a smooth, glassy luster. It is primarily composed of complex hydrocarbon molecules and is known for its use as a binder in road construction and other industrial applications.

Mineral Makeup

Unlike most rocks, asphaltite is mainly composed of hydrocarbons rather than minerals. These hydrocarbons consist of various organic compounds formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals subjected to heat and pressure over millions of years. Asphaltite may also contain trace amounts of sulfur, nitrogen, and oxygen, as well as trace minerals and other impurities.


Asphaltite forms through the gradual transformation of organic matter deposited in ancient aquatic environments. Over time, heat and pressure cause the organic material to undergo a series of chemical reactions, eventually resulting in the formation of hydrocarbons. As these hydrocarbons migrate through the Earth’s crust, they may encounter impermeable rock layers that trap the hydrocarbons, leading to the formation of asphaltite deposits.


Asphaltite deposits are found in various regions worldwide, with notable occurrences in the United States, Canada, Russia, Colombia, Trinidad and Tobago, and Albania. These deposits are typically associated with sedimentary basins that have experienced significant heat and pressure, leading to the formation and migration of hydrocarbons. Asphaltite deposits can occur in veins or as impregnations within sedimentary rocks such as sandstone and limestone.


Asphaltite is believed to possess metaphysical properties associated with grounding, stability, and transformation. It is thought to help anchor one’s energy and promote a sense of balance and harmony in life. Asphaltite is also said to facilitate personal transformation by encouraging the release of old patterns and habits, allowing for growth and change.

ClassSedimentary (Organic)
Mineral MakeupPrimarily hydrocarbons, with trace amounts of sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, and trace minerals
LusterVitreous to resinous
Hardness (Mohs)1-2
StreakBlack or dark brown
ColorBlack or dark brown
CleavageNone, fractures in a conchoidal pattern 
Specific Gravity1.0 to 1.3