Calcite is a widespread calcium carbonate mineral that belongs to the carbonate class within the trigonal crystal system. It exhibits a remarkable diversity of crystal forms, including scalenohedrons, rhombohedra, and prismatic shapes. Calcite is characterized by its vitreous to pearly luster, perfect rhombohedral cleavage, and an extensive range of colors, including colorless, white, gray, yellow, and even shades of green, blue, and red.


Calcite has a broad range of applications due to its abundance, widespread occurrence, and unique properties. It is a primary component of limestone and marble, which are extensively used as construction materials and in the production of cement. Calcite is also used as a filler in the manufacture of plastics, rubber, and paper, as well as in the production of paints and coatings. Additionally, its unique optical properties make it suitable for use in optical instruments and specialized glass manufacturing.


Although calcite is not typically considered a traditional gemstone, its transparent to translucent varieties are sometimes used in decorative items and jewelry. Calcite’s unique optical property, known as birefringence, causes light to split into two rays when it passes through the mineral, creating a fascinating visual effect. However, calcite’s low hardness and susceptibility to acids limit its use in jewelry and require careful handling to maintain its appearance.


Calcite forms through various geological processes, including the precipitation of calcium carbonate from water in marine and freshwater environments, as well as through the metamorphism of calcium-rich rocks. Calcite can also form as a result of hydrothermal activity, where mineral-rich fluids interact with surrounding rocks and precipitate calcite crystals.


Calcite is one of the most abundant and widely distributed minerals on Earth, occurring in various geological environments. It is commonly found in sedimentary rocks, such as limestone and dolomite, as well as in metamorphic rocks like marble. Calcite can also be found in hydrothermal veins and as a component of some igneous rocks. Significant deposits of calcite exist in many regions worldwide, including the United States, Mexico, Brazil, and parts of Europe and Asia.


In metaphysical and spiritual practices, calcite is believed to possess a range of properties related to emotional healing, energy amplification, and mental clarity. The mineral is said to help individuals release negative emotions, promote self-acceptance, and facilitate emotional growth. Calcite is also considered a powerful energy cleanser and amplifier, helping to clear stagnant energies and enhance the flow of positive energy. Additionally, calcite is believed to improve memory, sharpen the intellect, and facilitate better decision-making.

LusterVitreous to pearly
Hardness (Mohs)3
ColorColorless, white, gray, yellow, green, blue, red
CleavagePerfect rhombohedral
Specific Gravity2.71