Cordierite, also known as iolite, is a magnesium iron aluminum cyclosilicate mineral that belongs to the orthorhombic crystal system. It exhibits a range of colors, from blue to violet, with pronounced pleochroism, causing it to display different colors when viewed from varying angles. Cordierite is known for its distinct vitreous to pearly luster and typically occurs in the form of transparent to translucent prismatic or tabular crystals.


Cordierite is primarily used as a gemstone in the jewelry industry, where its pleochroic properties and captivating colors are highly appreciated. Additionally, cordierite’s high thermal stability and low thermal expansion make it suitable for use in the manufacturing of ceramics, particularly as a component in refractory materials, kiln furniture, and electrical insulators.


As a gemstone, cordierite or iolite, is cherished for its unique pleochroic properties and mesmerizing blue to violet hues. The gemstone’s ability to display different colors when viewed from various angles lends a sense of depth and intrigue to jewelry pieces. Cordierite is relatively affordable and makes an excellent alternative to more expensive blue gemstones like sapphire. Due to its attractive colors and optical characteristics, cordierite is often used in rings, earrings, pendants, and other jewelry items.


Cordierite forms under high-pressure and moderate-temperature conditions during the metamorphism of argillaceous rocks, such as shale and clay-rich sediments. It can also be found in granitic pegmatites and other igneous rocks. The formation of cordierite minerals is linked to the presence of aluminum, magnesium, and silica under specific geological conditions.


Cordierite is found in various locations worldwide, with notable occurrences in Brazil, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and the United States. The unique geological environments in these regions provide the necessary conditions for the formation of cordierite crystals, allowing for variations in color, clarity, and size.


In metaphysical and spiritual practices, cordierite is believed to possess a range of properties that promote inner strength, self-discovery, and personal growth. The mineral is associated with the third eye chakra and is thought to aid in enhancing intuition, spiritual insight, and mental clarity. Cordierite is also believed to help individuals overcome challenges and achieve balance in their lives, encouraging self-expression and creativity.

LusterVitreous to pearly
Hardness (Mohs)7 – 7.5 
ColorBlue to violet, gray, yellow, brown 
CleavagePoor in one direction 
Specific Gravity2.58 – 2.66