Dacite is an extrusive igneous rock that is predominantly felsic in composition, characterized by its intermediate to high silica content. It typically exhibits a fine-grained or aphanitic texture, with some varieties displaying visible phenocrysts or larger mineral crystals. The color of dacite ranges from light gray to medium gray and sometimes includes shades of brown or reddish hues. Dacite is commonly found in volcanic settings and has been used for various construction purposes due to its durability and attractive appearance.

Mineral Makeup

The primary minerals found in dacite include plagioclase feldspar, quartz, and biotite, with lesser amounts of pyroxene and amphibole. Plagioclase feldspar, often displaying a white to gray color, can appear as elongated crystals, while quartz is typically transparent or translucent and may form small, rounded grains. Biotite, a dark-colored mica, can be seen as small, plate-like crystals within the rock.


Dacite forms when felsic to intermediate magma, containing silica levels of approximately 63-68%, erupts onto the Earth’s surface and cools rapidly. The high viscosity of the magma results in a fine-grained texture, with some dacite varieties containing larger, visible crystals known as phenocrysts. Dacite is often associated with volcanic arcs and convergent plate boundaries, where the subduction of oceanic crust beneath continental crust generates magma with a felsic to intermediate composition.


Dacite is primarily found in volcanic regions associated with convergent plate boundaries and subduction zones. Some notable occurrences of dacite include the Andes Mountains in South America, Mount St. Helens in the United States, and various volcanic arcs throughout the Pacific Ring of Fire, such as the Aleutian Islands, Japan, and the Philippines.


Dacite is believed to possess metaphysical properties that promote emotional balance, mental clarity, and spiritual growth. It is thought to help individuals connect with their intuition and inner wisdom, facilitating personal transformation and a deeper understanding of life’s challenges. Dacite is also said to support emotional healing, allowing for the release of negative emotions and the cultivation of inner peace and harmony.

ClassIgneous (Extrusive) 
Mineral MakeupPrimarily plagioclase feldspar, quartz, and biotite, with possible pyroxene, amphibole
LusterVitreous to dull 
Hardness (Mohs)6-7
StreakWhite or colorless
ColorLight gray to medium gray, with possible brown or reddish hues
CleavageGood to poor
Specific Gravity2.5 to 2.8