Diamond, a native element and member of the carbon group, is renowned for its incredible hardness, exceptional luster, and the unique way it reflects and refracts light. Formed in nature under extreme pressure and temperature conditions, diamond crystals exhibit a distinct octahedral or dodecahedral shape. These crystals are typically colorless or have slight tints of yellow or brown, though rare specimens can be found in vibrant hues such as blue, green, or pink.


Diamonds are primarily used as gemstones in the jewelry industry due to their unrivaled beauty and durability. However, their exceptional hardness also makes them invaluable in various industrial applications, such as cutting, grinding, and polishing tools. Additionally, diamonds are used in the production of high-performance bearings, surgical instruments, and heat sinks in electronics.


As a gemstone, diamonds have long been a symbol of love, commitment, and luxury, often serving as the centerpiece of engagement rings and other fine jewelry. Diamonds are graded based on their cut, carat, clarity, and color, with the highest-quality stones being extremely rare and valuable. The exceptional brilliance, fire, and scintillation of diamonds make them a highly sought-after choice for those seeking timeless and captivating jewelry.


Diamonds are formed deep within the Earth’s mantle, under extreme pressure and temperature conditions, typically between 150 and 200 kilometers below the surface. They are brought closer to the Earth’s surface through volcanic eruptions, where they become embedded in kimberlite and lamproite pipes. The formation of diamonds can take anywhere from 1 billion to 3 billion years, making them a testament to the geological processes of our planet.


Diamonds are found in various locations around the globe, with the most significant deposits located in Russia, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Australia, and Canada. Diamonds can be discovered in kimberlite and lamproite pipes, as well as in alluvial deposits, where they have been transported by water or erosion from their original sources.


In metaphysical and spiritual practices, diamonds are believed to possess a range of powerful properties. The mineral is said to promote clarity of thought, inner strength, and spiritual growth. Diamonds are also considered a symbol of purity, helping to cleanse one’s energy field and amplify positive intentions. Additionally, the mineral is thought to enhance creativity, stimulate imagination, and encourage the development of psychic abilities.

ClassNative Element (carbon group)
Hardness (Mohs)10
ColorColorless, yellow, brown, occasionally blue, green, or pink
CleavagePerfect in four directions, forming octahedrons
Specific Gravity3.50 – 3.53