Halite, also known as rock salt, is a sodium chloride mineral belonging to the halide class of minerals. Its physical characteristics include well-formed cubic, granular, or massive crystal structures, which can vary in size. Halite is known for its transparent to translucent appearance and a wide range of colors, including colorless, white, blue, pink, or gray. It possesses a vitreous luster and is easily soluble in water.


Halite is primarily used as a source of sodium chloride, which is an essential component of table salt. This vital mineral is utilized in food preservation, seasoning, and various industrial applications, such as water softening, chemical production, and deicing roads during winter. Halite is also employed in the production of chlorine and sodium hydroxide, both of which are widely used in various industries.


Halite is formed through the evaporation of saline water in enclosed basins, such as salt flats, salt pans, or salt domes. The process occurs over long periods of time as the water evaporates, leaving behind salt deposits. These deposits eventually form layers of rock salt, which can be extracted through mining or solution mining.


Halite is found in various geological settings where evaporation processes have taken place. It can be found in sedimentary rocks such as evaporites and salt domes. Some of the most significant deposits of halite can be found in the United States, Canada, Germany, Poland, and Russia. These areas are known for their abundance of geological environments suitable for the formation of halite minerals.


In metaphysical and spiritual practices, halite is believed to have a range of properties. The mineral is said to help individuals cleanse their energy, release negative emotions, and promote emotional balance. Halite is also considered a stone of protection and purification, and can be used to ward off negative influences and cleanse the surrounding environment. Additionally, the mineral is said to enhance mental clarity, focus, and intuition.

Hardness (Mohs)2-2.5
ColorColorless, white, blue, pink, gray
CleavagePerfect in three directions, forming cubes
Specific Gravity2.14-2.17