Hematite is an iron oxide mineral known for its characteristic reddish-brown to black color and metallic to earthy luster. Its physical characteristics include tabular, botryoidal, or granular crystal structures, which can vary in size. Hematite is commonly found in sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks and is often associated with minerals such as magnetite, goethite, and siderite.


Hematite is an essential ore for the production of iron, which is used in a wide range of applications, including the manufacture of steel, automotive parts, and machinery. Iron is also an important component in the production of various pigments, chemicals, and even some medications. Hematite’s unique color and properties have also made it popular for use in jewelry, decorative items, and as a pigment in paints.


While not a traditional gemstone, hematite is often cut, polished, and used in jewelry and decorative objects due to its striking metallic appearance and its weighty, substantial feel. Its natural magnetic properties have also made it popular in magnetic therapy jewelry, which is believed by some to provide health benefits, such as pain relief and increased blood circulation.


Hematite forms in nature through various geological processes, including the precipitation of dissolved iron in water, the alteration of other iron-bearing minerals, and the cooling of iron-rich magma. Hematite can also form as a result of volcanic activity, where iron-rich lava oxidizes upon contact with the atmosphere.


Hematite is found in a wide variety of geological environments, including sedimentary rocks like iron formations, metamorphic rocks such as schist and slate, and igneous rocks like basalt. Some of the most significant deposits of hematite can be found in Australia, Brazil, Canada, and the United States. These areas are known for their abundance of geological environments suitable for the formation of hematite minerals.


In metaphysical and spiritual practices, hematite is believed to have grounding and protective properties. The mineral is said to help individuals remain focused, balanced, and centered, while also providing a sense of stability and support. Hematite is also considered a stone of self-confidence, and can be used to enhance one’s willpower and determination, as well as to ward off negative energies and influences.

LusterMetallic to earthy
Hardness (Mohs)5.5 – 6.5
StreakRed to reddish-brown
ColorReddish-brown to black
Specific Gravity4.9 – 5.3