Iron is a metallic element and the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust. As part of the transition metal series, it is known for its silvery-gray appearance, high ductility, and ferromagnetism. Iron’s physical characteristics include crystalline structures, which can vary depending on temperature and pressure. It is commonly found in nature in the form of iron oxide minerals, such as hematite and magnetite.


Iron is an essential element in the production of steel, an alloy formed by combining iron with carbon and other elements. Steel is used extensively in the construction, transportation, and manufacturing industries due to its strength, durability, and versatility. Iron is also used in the production of pig iron and cast iron, which are employed in various applications such as engine blocks, pipes, and machinery components.


Iron is not considered a gemstone and is not used in jewelry due to its reactive nature and susceptibility to corrosion.


Iron is created in nature through various geological processes, including the crystallization of magma and the weathering of rocks. It is formed from the alteration of iron-bearing minerals in a variety of geological environments. Iron can also be found in trace amounts in various rocks and soils, as well as in the Earth’s oceans.


Iron is primarily found in the form of iron oxide minerals, such as hematite, magnetite, and goethite. These minerals can be found in a variety of geological environments, including igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Some of the most significant deposits of iron can be found in Australia, Brazil, China, Russia, and the United States. These regions are known for their abundance of geological environments suitable for the formation of iron minerals.


In metaphysical and spiritual practices, iron is associated with strength, grounding, and protection. It is believed to help individuals release negative energies and emotions, and to promote feelings of determination, courage, and resilience. Iron is also considered a stone of manifestation, symbolizing the transformative power of human will and the ability to shape one’s own reality.

ClassNative Element
Hardness (Mohs)4-5
Specific Gravity7.87