Jadeite is a pyroxene mineral belonging to the inosilicate class, known for its vibrant colors, most notably green, but also found in white, lavender, yellow, and black. It exhibits a vitreous to greasy luster and often forms in compact, fine-grained aggregates, with some instances of well-formed, prismatic crystals. Jadeite is one of the two minerals, along with nephrite, that are recognized as jade, a highly valued gemstone with a long history in various cultures.


Jadeite is primarily used as a gemstone and ornamental material due to its aesthetic appeal and durability. It is fashioned into a wide array of jewelry items, such as rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets, as well as ornamental objects and sculptures. Additionally, jadeite artifacts have played significant roles in the history and cultural heritage of numerous civilizations, including those of China, Central America, and New Zealand.


As a gemstone, jadeite is prized for its vibrant colors, translucency, and toughness. High-quality jadeite, particularly the vibrant green variety known as “Imperial jade,” is highly sought after and can command a substantial price in the market. Jadeite’s durability and resistance to breakage make it an excellent choice for carving intricate designs and creating stunning jewelry pieces that are cherished by collectors and enthusiasts alike.


Jadeite forms through various geological processes, such as the metamorphism of high-pressure, low-temperature rocks in subduction zones, where tectonic plates collide and one is forced beneath another. Jadeite can also form in metamorphosed serpentinite rocks or in veins and fractures within peridotite, which is an ultramafic igneous rock.


Jadeite deposits are relatively rare compared to the more common nephrite. Significant deposits of jadeite are found in Myanmar, which is the primary source of high-quality jadeite. Other notable sources of jadeite include Guatemala, Russia, Kazakhstan, Japan, and the United States (particularly in California).


In metaphysical and spiritual practices, jadeite is associated with various properties, such as protection, harmony, and balance. It is believed to help individuals release negative emotions, attract good fortune, and promote emotional and physical healing. Jadeite is also thought to foster spiritual growth, enhance one’s connection to nature, and encourage wisdom and self-reflection.

LusterVitreous to greasy 
Hardness (Mohs)6.5 – 7
ColorGreen, white, lavender, yellow, black 
CleavageGood in two directions, intersecting at roughly 90 degrees 
Specific Gravity3.24 – 3.43