Migmatite is a unique rock type that exhibits characteristics of both metamorphic and igneous rocks. This composite rock is categorized as a high-grade metamorphic rock with partial melting features. Migmatite displays a distinct banded or streaked appearance, with alternating layers of light-colored granitic material (leucosome) and darker metamorphic material (melanosome), creating a visually striking pattern.

Mineral Makeup

The mineral makeup of migmatite is complex and can vary depending on the specific parent rock and metamorphic history. The lighter granitic layers (leucosome) are composed primarily of quartz and feldspar, while the darker metamorphic layers (melanosome) may contain biotite, hornblende, garnet, or other minerals typically found in metamorphic rocks.


Migmatite forms under extreme heat and pressure conditions during high-grade metamorphism, which causes partial melting of the parent rock. The lighter, more felsic components of the rock melt and recrystallize into the granitic layers, while the more resistant, mafic minerals remain as the darker metamorphic layers.


Migmatite is typically found in regions that have experienced intense metamorphic activity, such as within mountain belts and deep in the Earth’s crust. Notable occurrences of migmatite include the Canadian Shield, the Baltic Shield in Scandinavia, and the Lofoten Archipelago in Norway.


Migmatite is believed to hold metaphysical properties related to balance, integration, and transformation. Its unique combination of metamorphic and igneous features is thought to symbolize the merging of different aspects of oneself, promoting harmony and self-discovery. Migmatite is also said to encourage personal growth and adaptation during times of change, as it represents the transformational power of the Earth’s forces.

ClassMetamorphic (Foliated)
Mineral MakeupQuartz, feldspar (leucosome); biotite, hornblende, garnet (melanosome) 
LusterVitreous to pearly
Hardness (Mohs)6-7
StreakWhite or colorless
ColorAlternating light and dark layers (white, gray, pink, or brown with dark gray or black)
CleavageVaries depending on mineral composition
Specific Gravity2.6 to 3.0